The virus also can be transmitted through semen, vaginal fluid, or saliva of an infected individual, although in rare cases. F et al Prognosis and Treatment Failure Relative to Genotype The success rates for hepatitis C treatment for patients on ribavirin and pegylated interferon for up to weeks has been determined to be 50 percent.
At this stage, liver transplant is very necessary. K et al HCV is the leading etiological agent for chronic hepatitis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver cirrhosis Drexler, et alp. The use of antibody based tests has been important in diagnosing complications, but has, however, not been able to detect diseases at their early stages.
This is because it takes time for the Hep 3000 essay to cause a production of antibodies that will be present during testing. Currently, treatment combines both antiviral drug ribavirin and pegylated interferon alpha.
In the case of chronic infection, it has been reported that about 80 percent of those exposed to hepatitis virus develop hepatitis C Nelson, et al. Liver cirrhosis is commonly associated with patients already infected with HIV and hepatitis B.
In addition, patients who develop cirrhosis are more prone to hepatocellular carcinoma. Treatment and Medical Management In very rare cases, hepatitis C infection will clear without any medical interventions.
The difference in genotypes in relation to prognosis also presents another challenge to healthcare providers. Typical detection of HCV Ribonucleic acid has been made possible using the polymerase chain reactions.
Depending on the genotype of HVC, this treatment is administered for a period ranging between 24 to 48 weeks. Contamination with infected blood is the leading mode by which the disease is spread to healthy individuals.
In the case of chronic infections that occur without symptoms, it is thus discovered in the event of routine screening and during elevated liver enzyme levels investigations. Frequently, a number of chronic hepatitis C infections lead to hepatomas and liver cirrhosis.
In terms of treatment, new fields of pharmacogenomics finally will lead to improved medicines for patients with hepatitis C. Infectious disease related to travel. Journal of viral hepatitis 18 1: In some patients, hepatitis C infections have been found to occur spontaneously, especially among children and female patients.
According to Ghany, et alp.
In developing nations without a sufficient supply of medical equipment, oral medications is the better option as opposed to injection. For example, in the case of thrombocytopenia, it is estimated the condition reaches 0. Early diagnosis therefore is recommended for the prevention of these damages and to avoid infecting healthy individuals.
Diagnosis A number of diagnostic tests have been developed with the aim of timely detection of the disease.Hepatitis B is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. Chronic hepatitis B is a long-term infection of the liver that can sometimes develop after a.
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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, ), hepatitis C is defined as a contagious hepatic disease resulting from hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. HCV is the leading etiological agent for chronic hepatitis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver cirrhosis (Drexler, et al (, p).
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