Height and surface medium will need to be experimented in order to determine the most advantageous constant height at which the object will be dropped from to use and the optimal directed surface where the ball will land.
For a collision to occur, the colliding object would need to contain energy. As you can see the diameter starts off increasing steadily but then the increase slows down and eventually the line decreases.
Therefore I will rule out each factor that is irrelevant or shows a sign of possible obstruction when it comes to doing the actual experiment. Gravity — Objects are moved by the force of gravity pulling on it.
Therefore mass is the independent variable.
Also in our experiment we only measured the diameter from one particular part. This is the prime concern with asteroids; where in the past collision with Earth has had tremendous affects and possibility of future collisions will always exist.
I have chosen mass because I believe this will have a powerful relevance to the shape, size and depth of a crater and also I believe it will be interesting to observe how varying masses affect the diameter of a crater. The only way to know for sure is to plot a graph of log length against Angle for those last five points.
The surface is not flat either, but the tub of sand we used was actually flat. As an independent variable, it simply means I will need to change the mass throughout the experiment in order to demonstrate a possible influence. This experiment proves that no energy was destroyed.
This work is converted to a form of potential energy called gravitational potential energy. The marble compressed the particles underneath the sand instead of going outwards, which caused the crater size to become smaller. I can demonstrate this with an example using the kinetic energy formula: To investigate how mass affects the diameter of an impact crater.
In accordance to my investigation this proves that mass does have a form of influence to the amount of kinetic energy stored by an object, which furthermore determines the impact of collision.
The graph shows that y increases at a constant rate hence meaning an increase in mass x will also influence an increase in crater size y. This can be demonstrated using the following formula for gravitational potential energy: The shock wave would cause the sand to move.
It would be sensible to predict that more energy would make for longer, deeper craters. Therefore this proves that large objects are affected by a significant amount of air resistance, this will change the way the object moves. When an object succumbs to the force of gravity, falling towards Earth, it converts all its potential energy into kinetic energy where most of this kinetic energy is transferred to the medium, creating a shock wave, and the rest converted into waste energy which may consist of sound, heat and light.How does the drop height of the marble affect the size of the crater in sand?
Impact craters are geologic structures formed when a large meteorite, asteroid or comet smashes in to a planet or a satellite.
Crater diameter (m) Height (m) Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Average. The diameter of an impact crater Essay. B. Pages:4 Words This is just a sample. Finally using a vernier caliper measure the diameter of the created crater. The results of this should be recorded into the results table.
We will write a custom essay sample on The diameter of an impact crater specifically for you.
for only $ $ AIM: To investigate how mass affects the diameter of an impact crater. Therefore mass is the independent variable. As an independent variable, it simply means I will need to change the mass throughout the experiment in order to demonstrate a possible influence.
Meteor Crater near Winslow, Arizona is a favorite tourist stopover, but also a less-than-gentle reminder that Earth is in the strike zone of large space rocks. For my experiment I will use Constantan, This is because it gave me the widest range of results, so it makes it easier for us users to see and understand what’s going on.
The force of the impact obliterates the meteorite and displaces part of the moons surface, pushing the edges surrounding Crater Lake Essay these will then measure the crater diameter more accurately to the nearest mm also I could measure the depth of the.Download